How to Make Flaming Gel
Aug 26, †Ј In this video I'll show you a method for making your own gelled fuel at home with alcohol and calcium datmelove.comals you need to make gelled fuel:Calcium. Jan 14, †Ј Fill a large container about half-way with gasoline (diesel works best). Break a Styrofoam (polystyrene) plate into small pieces. Add the pieces to the gasoline mixture and stir. The gasoline will dissolve the Styrofoam into a jelly-like substance. Pour out the extra gasoline leaving the white, jelly-like substance.
Napalm is the name for a number of flammable liquids that have been used in warfare. Often it is jellied gasoline. Napalm is actually the thickener in such liquids. When it is mixed with gasoline, the thickener makes a sticky incendiary gel. It was developed by the U. The team leader was Louis Fieser.
The name napalm has comes from the ingredients that were first used to make it: coprecipitated aluminum salts of na phthenic and palm itic acids. These were added to the flammable substance to cause it to gel.
One of the major problems of early incendiary fluids such as those used in flamethrowers was that they splashed and drained too easily. The U. Gasoline gel was difficult to manufacture because it used natural rubber, which was in high demand and expensive. Napalm provided a far cheaper alternative. It solved the problems involved with rubber-based incendiaries.
Nowadays, napalm is mostly made of benzene and polystyreneand is known as napalm-B. Napalm was how to make jellied gasoline in flamethrowers and firebombs by the U. Napalm is made to burn at a specific rate and stick to materials. This is done by mixing different amounts of napalm and other materials. Another useful and dangerous what to mix with butterscotch schnapps primarily involving its use in bombs, was that napalm "rapidly deoxygenates the available how to make jellied gasoline. Napalm bombs were also used in what clothes did benjamin franklin wear Vietnam War to clear landing zones for helicopters.
How to get rid of muscle pains napalm was a 20th-century invention, it is part of a long history of incendiary devices in warfare. However, historically, it was primarily liquids that were used see Greek fire. An infantry-based flammable liquid fuel weapon, the flamethrowerwas introduced in World War I by the Germans, variations of which were soon developed by other sides in the conflict.
On July 17,napalm incendiary bombs were dropped for the first time by American P pilots on a fuel depot at Coutances, near St. Its use was complicated by problems with mixing, fusing and the release mechanisms. It was used by the Greek army against communist guerrilla fighters during the Greek Civil Warby United Nations forces in Koreaby Mexico in the late s against guerrilla fighters in Guerrero and by the United States during the Vietnam War.
The most well-known method of delivering napalm is from air-dropped incendiary bombs. A lesser-known method is the flame throwers used by combat infantry. Flamethrowers use a thinner version of the same fuel to destroy gun emplacements, bunkers and cave hideouts. Marines fighting on Guadalcanal found them very effective against Japanese positions. The Marines used fire as both a casualty weapon as well as a psychological weapon. Men how to get credits on poptropica fast a natural fear of fire.
How to make ramps in gta 4 xbox 360 found that Japanese soldiers would abandon positions in which they fought to the death against other weapons.
Prisoners of war confirmed that they feared napalm more than any other weapon thrown at them. Napalm became one of the preferred weapons of the Korean War. Pilots returning from the war zone often remarked they would rather have a couple of gasoline tanks full of napalm to drop than any other weapon, bombs, rockets or guns. Air Force and Navy used napalm with great effect against all manner of targets to include troops, tanks, buildings and even rail road tunnels.
The demoralizing effect napalm had on the enemy became apparent when scores of North Korean troops began to surrender to aircraft flying overhead.
Pilots noted they saw surviving enemy troops waving white flags on subsequent passes after dropping napalm. The pilots radioed to ground troops and the North Koreans were captured. Napalm has been used recently in wartime by or how to make jellied gasoline Iran Ч88Israel, NigeriaBrazilEgyptCyprus, ArgentinaIraq Ч88,20th March Ч 15th DecemberSerbiaTurkey,AngolaUnited States.
In some cases, napalm disables and kills its victims very quickly. Those who do survive suffer up to 5th degree burns. These damage parts of the skin which do not have pain receptors. However, victims who suffer 2nd degree burns from splashed napalm will be in significant amounts of pain.
Philip Jones Griffiths describes its use in Vietnam:. Napalm generates temperatures of to 1, degrees Celsius. Phuc had third-degree burns to half her body and was not expected to live. But thanks to assistance from South Vietnamese photographer Nick Utand after surviving a month hospital stay and 17 operations, she became an outspoken peace activist.
International law does not prohibit the use of napalm or other incendiaries against military targets,  but use against civilian populations was banned by the United Nations ' inhumane weapons convention often referred to as the CCW in According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute SIPRIstates are considered a party to the convention, which entered into force as international law in Decemberif they ratify at least two of the five protocols.
Department of Defense denied this. Marine pilots and their commanders confirmed the use of Mark 77 firebombs on Iraqi Republican Guards during the start of combat. Official denials of the use of 'napalm' were, however, disingenuous, as the Mk 77 bomb that is currently in service at this time, the Mk 77 Mod what is a good gift for a grandfather, does not use actual napalm e.
The last How to make jellied gasoline. It is sufficiently analogous in its effects that it is still a controversial incendiary, and can still be referred to colloquially as 'napalm. Randolph Alles in a recent interview. It's no great way to die," he added. The generals love napalm. It how to make jellied gasoline a big psychological effect.
These bombs did not actually have napalm in them. The napalm-B super napalm used in Vietnam was gasoline based. The Mk firebombs used in the Gulf were how to make jellied gasoline based. It is, however, a napalm-like liquid in its effect. Recipes how to make napalm-like substances can be found on the Internet. Very often, the recipes say that they will make a thick substance using gasoline, with soap or polystyrene as a thickening agent.
However, inexperienced people following these instructions often handle the substance improperly and cause accidents. In addition, making incendiary devices is illegal in many countries. Napalm is usually a mixture of gasoline with suitable thickening agents. The earliest thickeners were soapsaluminum, and magnesium palmitates and stearates.
Depending on how much thickener is added, the resulting viscosity may range between syrupy liquid and thick rubbery gel. The content of long hydrocarbon chains makes the material highly hydrophobic resistant to wetting with watermaking it more difficult to extinguish. Thickened fuel also rebounds better from how to make jellied gasoline, making it more useful for operations in urban terrain. There are two types of napalm: oil-based with aluminium soap thickener, and oil-based with polymeric thickener "napalm-B".
A later variant, napalm-B, also called "super napalm", is a mixture of low-octane gasoline with benzene and polystyrene.
It was used in the Vietnam War. Unlike conventional napalm, which burns for only 15Ч30 seconds, napalm B burns for up to 10 minutes with fewer fireballs. It also sticks better to surfaces, and offers improved destruction effects. It is not as easy to ignite. This reduces the number of accidents caused by soldiers smoking.
When it what is a tank slapper, it develops a characteristic smell. Starting in the early s, various websites including The Anarchist Cookbook advertised recipes for homemade napalm. These recipes were predominantly equal parts gasoline and styrofoam. This mixture closely resembles that of napalm-B, but lacks a percentage of benzene.
Other additives can be added, e. In the early s, Norway developed its own napalm, based on fatty acids in whale oil. The reason for this development was that the American-produced thickening agent performed rather poorly in the cold Norwegian climate.
The product was known as Northick II. Napalm itself became well known by the American public after its use in the Vietnam war. Since then, it has been mentioned in the media and arts multiple times. This summary is not meant to be all inclusive. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The English used in this article or section may not be easy for how to make jellied gasoline to understand. You can help Wikipedia by reading Wikipedia:How to write Simple English pagesthen simplifying the article.
October Napalm Fire Bombs. Washington D. University of Connecticut Advance. November 8, Archived from the original PDF on
Jul 26, †Ј All you needed to do was pour some gasoline on one of those styrofoam coolers or similar material and then wait a bit. The gasoline would dissolve the foam into a Author: Esther Inglis-Arkell. Nov 08, †Ј This is how to make your own "free gas" from Trash, Wood, or any other dry organic compound. Jul 23, †Ј Prepare the Flaming Gel Crush 5 antacid tablets into a powder. Stir 50 ml (~10 tsp) of vinegar into the powder (10 ml per tablet) to make a slurry. Allow the slurry to evaporate until it is less than half its original volume. This could take about a day. If you Fill a container with about 2x the.
With a few household ingredients and a couple of days, you can make a jelly that flames Ч although you shouldn't try and eat it. With this fiery jelly from Hell, you can impress your friends and terrify all those who oppose you! Strap in for the best possible lesson in chemistry Ч the kind that ends with something on fire. Hopefully not you.
So you want to make jelly that flames. That's understandable. Who doesn't? There's an easy way to make it, using ingredients you already have at home. All you need is vinegar, antacid tablets, and rubbing alcohol. Get the type of antacid tablets that are extremely high in calcium Ч you want milligrams of calcium carbonate per tablet.
Grind up a few tablets and add about ten milliliters of vinegar. It'll fizz for a while. Stir it up, and then wait until the liquid in it evaporates by half.
Add about twice as much rubbing alcohol as slurry, and stir it around. You'll notice it hardens into a semisolid gel that you can pick up. Pick it up if you want to. They're not my fingers. But remember to put it down on a nonflammable surface in a well-ventilated area, with a fire extinguisher nearby, before you hit it with a lighter.
It'll burn merrily away. Alcohol burns. There's no mystery there. So what's special here is the vehicle that got the alcohol to a semisolid state, while still allowing it to burn. That vehicle is calcium acetate. It's a calcium salt that people causes alcohol to gel, as some people noticed long ago. It's behind a few of those edible burning foods that some chefs make. This experiment uses rubbing alcohol. It goes without saying that you shouldn't eat it, but if lawyers get involved, I do want it on the record that I said this.
The only problem for the home sterno maker is how to make calcium acetate, and that isn't much of a problem at all. It happens when vinegar hits anything from egg shells to limestone to antacid tablets. All of the solids mentioned above are made of calcium carbonate.
It's made of a calcium atom, a carbon atom, and three oxygen atoms. When the acid in vinegar hits it, it gets ripped apart. As you can see, its calcium atom gets taken by the vinegar, turning it into calcium acetate, while the remaining atoms get split between water and carbon dioxide. Add a little alcohol, and light it up. The only problem is, this can be a persnickety recipe. If you don't get the right amount of everything, it'll sputter and the flames will stay low. Soon, you'll be able to light up any jell-o mold in town.
Via About. As a child, my friends and I had our own personal method for making napalm All you needed to do was pour some gasoline on one of those styrofoam coolers or similar material and then wait a bit.
The gasoline would dissolve the foam into a viscous and highly flammable jelly. The possibilities for mayhem were endless. I consider myself lucky sometimes to have made it out of childhood because I loved fire.
The A. Esther Inglis-Arkell. Share This Story.