what causes shingles to activate

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Jul 31,  · Shingles, also known as herpes zoster, is a painful rash that occurs on one side of your body. It’s caused by reactivation of the virus that causes chickenpox. . Jul 01,  · People get shingles when the varicella zoster virus, which causes chickenpox, reactivates in their bodies after they have already had chickenpox.

People get shingles when the varicella zoster virus, which causes chickenpox, reactivates in their bodies after they have already had chickenpox. Shingles is caused by varicella zoster virus VZVthe same virus what causes shingles to activate causes chickenpox.

After a person recovers from chickenpox, the virus stays dormant inactive in their body. The virus can reactivate later, causing shingles. Most people who develop shingles have only one episode during their lifetime. However, you can have shingles more than once.

If you have shingles, direct contact with the fluid from your rash blisters can spread VZV to people who have never had chickenpox or never received the chickenpox vaccine. If they get infected, they will develop chickenpox, not shingles.

They could then develop shingles later in life. The risk of spreading VZV to others is low if you cover the what does the bible say about dating non believers rash. People with shingles cannot spread the virus before their rash blisters appear or after the rash crusts.

Also see Treating Shingles. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Shingles Herpes Zoster. Section Navigation.

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. Minus Related Pages. Quick Facts. You cannot get shingles from someone who has shingles. You can get chickenpox from someone who has shingles if you have never had what is a cauldron in smurf village or never received the chickenpox vaccine.

To prevent spreading VZV to others: Cover the rash. Avoid touching or scratching the rash. Wash your hands often. Avoid contact with the following people until your rash crusts: pregnant women who have never had chickenpox or the chickenpox vaccine; premature or low birth weight infants; and people with weakened immune systems, such as people receiving immunosuppressive medications or undergoing chemotherapy, organ transplant recipients, and people with human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection.

Some people have a greater risk of getting shingles. This includes people who have medical conditions that keep their immune systems from working properly, such as certain cancers like leukemia and lymphoma, and human immunodeficiency virus HIV receive drugs what causes shingles to activate keep their immune systems from working properly, such as steroids and drugs that are given after organ transplantation. Also see Treating Shingles Top of Page.

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Nov 05,  · Shingles is a viral infection that results from the varicella-zoster virus (VZV), the same virus that causes chickenpox. It typically affects a single sensory nerve ganglion and the skin surface. May 25,  · That’s because the varicella-zoster virus, which causes chickenpox, is also responsible for shingles. The virus remains dormant inside your body Author: Corey Whelan. Oct 12,  · Shingles Causes When the varicella zoster virus gets into your body, the first problem it causes is chickenpox. You may think of it as a childhood disease, but adults can get it, too. After.

Shingles is a viral infection that causes a painful rash. Although shingles can occur anywhere on your body, it most often appears as a single stripe of blisters that wraps around either the left or the right side of your torso. Shingles is caused by the varicella-zoster virus — the same virus that causes chickenpox. After you've had chickenpox, the virus lies inactive in nerve tissue near your spinal cord and brain.

Years later, the virus may reactivate as shingles. Shingles isn't a life-threatening condition, but it can be very painful. Vaccines can help reduce the risk of shingles.

Early treatment can help shorten a shingles infection and lessen the chance of complications. The most common complication is postherpetic neuralgia, which causes shingles pain for a long time after your blisters have cleared.

Shingles is characterized by pain or a tingling sensation in a limited area on one side of the face or torso, followed by a red rash with small, fluid-filled blisters. The signs and symptoms of shingles usually affect only a small section of one side of your body. These signs and symptoms may include:.

Pain is usually the first symptom of shingles. For some, it can be intense. Depending on the location of the pain, it can sometimes be mistaken for a symptom of problems affecting the heart, lungs or kidneys. Some people experience shingles pain without ever developing the rash. Most commonly, the shingles rash develops as a stripe of blisters that wraps around either the left or right side of your torso. Sometimes the shingles rash occurs around one eye or on one side of the neck or face.

Contact your doctor promptly if you suspect shingles, but especially in the following situations:. The shingles rash is associated with an inflammation of nerves beneath the skin. Anyone who's had chickenpox may develop shingles.

After you recover from chickenpox, the virus enters your nervous system and lies dormant for years. Eventually, it may reactivate and travel along nerve pathways to your skin — producing shingles.

But, not everyone who's had chickenpox will develop shingles. The reason for shingles is unclear. But it may be due to lowered immunity to infections as you grow older. Shingles is more common in older adults and in people who have weakened immune systems. Varicella-zoster is part of a group of viruses called herpes viruses, which includes the viruses that cause cold sores and genital herpes.

Because of this, shingles is also known as herpes zoster. But the virus that causes chickenpox and shingles is not the same virus responsible for cold sores or genital herpes, a sexually transmitted infection. A person with shingles can pass the varicella-zoster virus to anyone who isn't immune to chickenpox. This usually occurs through direct contact with the open sores of the shingles rash. Once infected, the person will develop chickenpox, however, not shingles.

Chickenpox can be dangerous for some people. Until your shingles blisters scab over, you are contagious and should avoid physical contact with anyone who hasn't yet had chickenpox or the chickenpox vaccine, especially people with weakened immune systems, pregnant women and newborns.

Anyone who has ever had chickenpox can develop shingles. Most adults in the United States had chickenpox when they were children, before the advent of the routine childhood vaccination that now protects against chickenpox. Studies suggest that Shingrix offers protection against shingles for more than five years. Shingrix is a nonliving vaccine made of a virus component.

It is given in two doses, with two to six months between doses. Shingrix is approved and recommended for people age 50 and older, including those who've previously received Zostavax or had shingles. Zostavax has been shown to offer protection against shingles for about five years. It's a live vaccine given as a single injection, usually in the upper arm. Zostavax is recommended for people age 60 and older.

While it is no longer being sold in the U. The most common side effects of either shingles vaccine are redness, pain, tenderness, swelling and itching at the injection site, and headaches. The shingles vaccine doesn't guarantee that you won't get shingles. But this vaccine will likely reduce the course and severity of the disease and reduce your risk of postherpetic neuralgia. The shingles vaccine is used only as a prevention strategy.

It's not intended to treat people who currently have the disease. Talk to your doctor about which option is right for you. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your appointment now for safe in-person care. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Shingles is a viral infection that causes a painful rash.

Shingles Open pop-up dialog box Close. Shingles Shingles is characterized by pain or a tingling sensation in a limited area on one side of the face or torso, followed by a red rash with small, fluid-filled blisters. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Shingles affects the nerves Open pop-up dialog box Close. Shingles affects the nerves The shingles rash is associated with an inflammation of nerves beneath the skin.

More Information Shingles vaccine: Should I get it? Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Shingles: Hope through research. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Accessed May 9, Yun H, et al. Longterm effectiveness of herpes zoster vaccine among patients with autoimmune and inflammatory diseases.

Journal of Rheumatology. In press. Ferri FF. Herpes zoster. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor Philadelphia, Pa. Bennett JE, et al. Chickenpox and herpes zoster varicella-zoster virus. Shingles: Clinical overview. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Longo DL, et al. Varicella-zoster virus infections. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. New York, N. Albrecht MA, et al. Vaccination for the prevention of shingles herpes zoster.

Accessed Sept. Zostavax zoster vaccine live recommendations. Shingrix recommendations. Herpes zoster shingles. Mayo Clinic; Related Shingles Shingles affects the nerves Shingles and alcohol Shingles vaccine: Can I transmit the vaccine virus to others?

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