what is meaning in urdu

What meaning in Urdu is ‘Kia’, ‘Kesa’ and ‘Kon sa’. Actually, the word what is an exclamatory word, often used to represent the question. The word what is the member of five interrogative pronoun what, which, who, whom, where popular with the name of 'WH' question, used in asking questions regarding either persons or things. English to Urdu Dictionary & Translation Online. English to Urdu dictionary and translation help you to increase your daily English and Urdu vocabulary. Find all easy and difficult word with their accurate meaning, translation and helping sentences. Also get similar words and synonyms with multi-lingual and English to Urdu dictionary.

An what is meaning in urdu of Urdu is the word "adaab" written in Arabic characters. Speaks - Pick from a range of languages, including Italian, Dutch, and Urdu. As with the Bible and Shakespeare, his phrases have passed into the common speech, and are used by every one even in Urdu without being conscious of their origin. Home Dictionary Meanings Urdu.

Filters 0. An Indic language that is the official literary language of Pakistan, essentially identical to Hindi in its spoken form but in meanung literary form heavily influenced by Persian and Arabic and written in what are the 5 spices Arabic alphabet.

Of or relating to the Urdu language. An Indo-Aryan language of Pakistan and N India, having the same ugdu grammar as Hindi but containing many words os from Persian and Arabic: it is written in Arabic characters and is the official language of Pakistan. Urdu is the official written language of Pakistan. Origin ls urdu. Compare horde. Urdu Sentence Examples. Related articles. Also Mentioned In. Hindu Joomla arabic nastaliq lashkar Ara Indo khariboli Indic shahmukhi.

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Urdu definition, one of the official languages of Pakistan, a language derived from Hindustani, used by Muslims, and written with Persian-Arabic letters. See more. iJunoon English to Urdu Dictionary is an online Dictionary. This Dictionary provides synonyms, antonyms, English Defenitions, Wikipedia Reference, Names Meanings, Roman to Urdu Search, Urdu to English Search, Related Words, Sentence Translation and image based examples. Urdu to English Meaning. All the relevant Urdu Meanings along with how they are written in Roman Urdu. We have included multiple meanings to aid your vocabulary. Definitions of the word. The part of speech that the particular word belongs to. For example, it could be a verb, noun or an adjective. Appropriate pronunciation.

India state-official. Urdu became a literary language in the 18th-century and two similar standard forms came into existence in Delhi and Lucknow ; since a third standard has arisen in Karachi. Urdu was chosen as the language of East India Company rule across northern India in when the Company chose it to replace Persian, the court language of the Indo-Islamic empires. According to Nationalencyklopedin 's estimates, Urdu is the 21st most spoken first language in the world , with approximately 66 million who speak it as their native language.

Urdu, like Hindi , is a form of Hindustani. In the Delhi region of India the native language was Khariboli , whose earliest form is known as Old Hindi. Urdu, which was often referred to by the British administrators in India as the Hindustani language, [66] was promoted in colonial India by British policies to counter the previous emphasis on Persian.

Urdu was chosen as an official language of Pakistan in as it was already the lingua franca for Muslims in north and northwest British India, [74] although Urdu had been used as a literary medium for colonial Indian writers from the Bombay Presidency , Bengal , Orissa Province , and Tamil Nadu [ clarification needed ] as well.

There have been attempts to purge Urdu of native Prakrit and Sanskrit words, and Hindi of Persian loanwords — new vocabulary draws primarily from Persian and Arabic for Urdu and from Sanskrit for Hindi. There are over million native speakers of Urdu in India and Pakistan together: there were Owing to interaction with other languages, Urdu has become localised wherever it is spoken, including in Pakistan.

Urdu in Pakistan has undergone changes and has incorporated and borrowed many words from regional languages, thus allowing speakers of the language in Pakistan to distinguish themselves more easily and giving the language a decidedly Pakistani flavour. No region in Pakistan uses Urdu as its mother tongue, though it is spoken as the first language of Muslim migrants known as Muhajirs in Pakistan who left India after independence in Urdu is taught as a compulsory subject up to higher secondary school in both English and Urdu medium school systems, which has produced millions of second-language Urdu speakers among people whose native language is one of the other languages of Pakistan — which in turn has led to the absorption of vocabulary from various regional Pakistani languages, [97] while some Urdu vocabulary has also been assimilated by Pakistan's regional languages.

With such a large number of people s speaking Urdu, the language has acquired a peculiar Pakistani flavour further distinguishing it from the Urdu spoken by native speakers, resulting in more diversity within the language. In India, Urdu is spoken in places where there are large Muslim minorities or cities that were bases for Muslim empires in the past.

India's Bollywood industry frequently employs the use of Urdu — especially in songs. India has more than 3, Urdu publications, including daily Urdu newspapers. Outside South Asia, it is spoken by large numbers of migrant South Asian workers in the major urban centres of the Persian Gulf countries. Urdu is also spoken by large numbers of immigrants and their children in the major urban centres of the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Germany, Norway , and Australia.

Religious and social atmospheres in early nineteenth century British India played a significant role in the development of the Urdu register. Hindi became the distinct register spoken by those who sought to construct a Hindu identity in the face of colonial rule. As Urdu and Hindi became means of religious and social construction for Muslims and Hindus respectively, each register developed its own script. According to Islamic tradition, Arabic , the language spoken by the prophet Muhammad and uttered in the revelation of the Qur'an , holds spiritual significance and power.

Urdu continued its role in developing a Muslim identity as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan was established with the intent to construct a homeland for Muslims of South Asia. Several languages and dialects spoken throughout the regions of Pakistan produced an imminent need for a uniting language.

Urdu was chosen as a symbol of unity for the new state of Pakistan in , because it had already served as a lingua franca among Muslims in north and northwest British India. While Urdu and Islam together played important roles in developing the national identity of Pakistan, disputes in the s particularly those in East Pakistan , where Bengali was the dominant language , challenged the idea of Urdu as a national symbol and its practicality as the lingua franca.

The significance of Urdu as a national symbol was downplayed by these disputes when English and Bengali were also accepted as official languages in the former East Pakistan now Bangladesh. Urdu is the sole national, and one of the two official languages of Pakistan along with English. It is used in education , literature , office and court business, [] although in practice, English is used instead of Urdu in the higher echelons of government.

Urdu is also one of the officially recognised languages in India and one of the five official languages of Jammu and Kashmir , one of the two official languages of Telangana and also has the status of "additional official language" in the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh , Bihar , Jharkhand , West Bengal and the national capital, New Delhi.

India established the governmental Bureau for the Promotion of Urdu in , although the Central Hindi Directorate was established earlier in , and the promotion of Hindi is better funded and more advanced, [] while the status of Urdu has been undermined by the promotion of Hindi.

Urdu has a few recognised dialects, including Dakhni , Dhakaiya , Rekhta , and Modern Vernacular Urdu based on the Khariboli dialect of the Delhi region. It is distinct by its mixture of vocabulary from Marathi and Konkani , as well as some vocabulary from Arabic, Persian and Chagatai that are not found in the standard dialect of Urdu. Urdu is read and written as in other parts of India. A number of daily newspapers and several monthly magazines in Urdu are published in these states.

Dhakaiya Urdu is a dialect native to the city of Old Dhaka in Bangladesh , dating back to the Mughal era. However, its popularity, even amongst native speakers, has been gradually declining since the Bengali Language Movement in the 20th century. It is not officially recognised by the Government of Bangladesh. The Urdu spoken by Stranded Pakistanis in Bangladesh is different from this dialect.

Many bilingual or multi-lingual Urdu speakers, being familiar with both Urdu and English, display code-switching referred to as " Urdish " in certain localities and between certain social groups. On 14 August , the Government of Pakistan launched the Ilm Pakistan movement, with a uniform curriculum in Urdish.

Ahsan Iqbal , Federal Minister of Pakistan, said "Now the government is working on a new curriculum to provide a new medium to the students which will be the combination of both Urdu and English and will name it Urdish. Standard Urdu is often compared with Standard Hindi. Mutual intelligibility decreases in literary and specialised contexts that rely on academic or technical vocabulary. In a longer conversation, differences in formal vocabulary and pronunciation of some Urdu phonemes are noticeable, though many native Hindi speakers also pronounce these phonemes.

The grammar of Hindi and Urdu is identical, [] [] though formal Urdu makes more use of the Persian "-e-" izafat grammatical construct as in Hammam-e-Qadimi , or Nishan-e-Haider than does Hindi.

Urdu more frequently use personal pronouns with the "ko" form as in " mujh-ko " , while Hindi more frequently use the contracted form as in " mujhe ". The "trend towards Persianisation" started in the 18th century by the Delhi school of Urdu poets, though other writers, such as Meeraji , wrote in a Sanskritised form of the language. Most borrowed words in Urdu are nouns and adjectives.

There are also a smaller number of borrowings from Portuguese. Although the word Urdu is derived from the Turkic word ordu army or orda , from which English horde is also derived, [] Turkic borrowings in Urdu are minimal [] and Urdu is also not genetically related to the Turkic languages. Urdu words originating from Chagatai and Arabic were borrowed through Persian and hence are Persianised versions of the original words.

Urdu and Turkish both borrowed from Arabic and Persian, hence the similarity in pronunciation of many Urdu and Turkish words.

If a word is of Persian or Arabic origin, the level of speech is considered to be more formal and grander. Similarly, if Persian or Arabic grammar constructs, such as the izafat , are used in Urdu, the level of speech is also considered more formal and grander.

If a word is inherited from Sanskrit , the level of speech is considered more colloquial and personal. Urdu is written right-to left in an extension of the Persian alphabet , which is itself an extension of the Arabic alphabet.

One handwritten Urdu newspaper, The Musalman , is still published daily in Chennai. Until the late 19th century, all proceedings and court transactions in this register of Urdu were written officially in the Persian script.

In , Sir Ashley Eden , the Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal in colonial India abolished the use of the Persian alphabet in the law courts of Bengal and ordered the exclusive use of Kaithi , a popular script used for both Urdu and Hindi; in the Bihar Province , the court language was Urdu written in the Kaithi script. More recently in India, Urdu speakers have adopted Devanagari for publishing Urdu periodicals and have innovated new strategies to mark Urdu in Devanagari as distinct from Hindi in Devanagari.

Such publishers have introduced new orthographic features into Devanagari for the purpose of representing the Perso-Arabic etymology of Urdu words. For Urdu publishers, the use of Devanagari gives them a greater audience, whereas the orthographic changes help them preserve a distinct identity of Urdu. Dhakaiya Urdu is a colloquial non-standard dialect of Urdu which was typically not written. However, organisations seeking to preserve the dialect have begun transcribing the dialect in the Bengali script.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Indo-Aryan language spoken in Pakistan and India. Language family. Hindustani Rekhta. Writing system. Signed forms. Recognised minority language in. South Africa protected language [9]. Areas in India and Pakistan where Urdu is either official or co-official.

Areas where Urdu is neither official nor co-official. Main article: History of Hindustani. Play media. See also: Languages of Pakistan and Languages of India. Further information: Hindi—Urdu controversy , Hindustani phonology , and Hindustani grammar. Some of this section's listed sources may not be reliable.

Please help this article by looking for better, more reliable sources. Unreliable citations may be challenged or deleted. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Hindustani phonology. Main article: Hindi-Urdu vocabulary. Further information: Hindustani etymology. Main articles: Urdu alphabet and Urdu braille. Further information: Hindustani orthography. See: John T. Encyclopedia of the World's Minorities.

ISBN Retrieved 26 February Keith Brown ed. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics 2 ed. Archived from the original on 15 November Retrieved 29 March The Indian Express.