Maps of Australia
He was the first to circumnavigate the continent in , and used the name ‘Australia’ to describe the continent on a hand drawn map in The National Library holds a reproduction. When the map and book describing his journey was finally published in the name 'Terra Australis' was used instead, although Flinders stated that his preference was still 'Australia'. Apr 12, · Alternative Title: Commonwealth of Australia Australia, the smallest continent and one of the largest countries on Earth, lying between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Southern Hemisphere. Australia’s capital is Canberra, located in the southeast between the larger and more important economic and cultural centres of Sydney and Melbourne.
Covering an area of 7, sq. It is located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans in the Southern hemisphere. Ayers Rock Uluru : Considered the largest solitary rock on the planet, its red sandstone surface smoothed by high winds over time is revered as a holy place and called Uluru by the aboriginal people.
Cape York is home to jagged-tooth mountains, tropical rainforests, extensive mangrove forests, grasslands, swamps and fast-moving rivers.
Located in New South Wales, in the south eastern part of the country is, Mount Kosciuszko, the highest point in the Australian mainland, at an elevation of 7,ft 2,m as marked on the map by an upright yellow triangle. The lowest point is located in South Australia in the dry bed nams Lake Eyre at ft m below sea level. Darling Range: This low mountain range runs through far southwestern Australia.
Its highest point is Mt. Cooke at 1,ft m. Created by the action of wind over thousands of years, the island is km long and about km wide. Australia officially, australla Commonwealth of Australia is divided into 6 states and 2 major mainland territories.
Located asutralia the northern edge of the What is the full name of australia Capital Territory, in the southeastern part of the country is, Canberra — the capital of the Federation of Australia. Its strategic location and magnificent harbor, makes it one of the chief ports in South Pacific. Australia is the smallest continent and the largest country in Oceania located between the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean in the Southern hemisphere. Australia is geographically positioned both in the Southern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth.
It is completely surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans and a series of bays, gulfs, seas and straits and is situated to the south of Maritime Southeast Asia and to the north of the Antactic. Regional Maps : Map of Oceania. The above blank map represents Australia - the world's smallest how to unlock a blackberry 8110 and the 6th largest country located between the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean in the Southern hemisphere.
The above map can aushralia downloaded, printed and used for geography education purposes like map-pointing and coloring activities. The above outline map represents Australia - the world's smallest continent and the 6th largest country located between the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean in the What is the nickelodeon slime hemisphere.
What is the full name of australia page was last updated on February 25, Home Oceania Australia. States Map Where is Australia? Outline Map Key Facts Flag.
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States of Australia Map
Country Common Names and Full Names. Do you know the full official name of Australia? You can find it in our latest list of countries and territories with their English official full names and commonly used short names. By default, the list is sorted by commonly used names. But you can sort the list by official full names. Feb 25, · Australia (officially, the Commonwealth of Australia) is divided into 6 states and 2 major mainland territories. In alphabetical order, the states are: New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. The two major mainland territories are: Australian Capital Territory and Northern Territory.
Australia , the smallest continent and one of the largest countries on Earth, lying between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Southern Hemisphere. The Australian mainland extends from west to east for nearly 2, miles 4, km and from Cape York Peninsula in the northeast to Wilsons Promontory in the southeast for nearly 2, miles 3, km. To the south, Australian jurisdiction extends a further miles km to the southern extremity of the island of Tasmania , and in the north it extends to the southern shores of Papua New Guinea.
In simple physical terms, the age of much of the continent is certainly impressive—most of the rocks providing the foundation of Australian landforms were formed during Precambrian and Paleozoic time some 4. Australia is the last of lands only in the sense that it was the last continent, apart from Antarctica, to be explored by Europeans.
At least 60, years before European explorers sailed into the South Pacific, the first Aboriginal explorers had arrived from Asia , and by 20, years ago they had spread throughout the mainland and its chief island outlier, Tasmania. When Captain Arthur Phillip of the British Royal Navy landed with the First Fleet at Botany Bay in , there may have been between , and , Aboriginals, though some estimates are much higher. Largely nomadic hunters and gatherers, the Aboriginals had already transformed the primeval landscape, principally by the use of fire, and, contrary to common European perceptions, they had established robust , semipermanent settlements in well-favoured localities.
There was, rather, a series of comparatively independent expansions from the margins of the various colonies, which were not joined in an independent federated union until The most striking characteristics of the vast country are its global isolation, its low relief, and the aridity of much of its surface.
If, like the English novelist D. Its unique flora and fauna include hundreds of kinds of eucalyptus trees and the only egg-laying mammals on Earth, the platypus and echidna. Other plants and animals associated with Australia are various acacias Acacia pycnantha [golden wattle] is the national flower and dingoes, kangaroos, koalas, and kookaburras.
Isolation is also a pronounced characteristic of much of the social landscape beyond the large coastal cities.
But an equally significant feature of modern Australian society is the representation of a broad spectrum of cultures drawn from many lands, a development stemming from immigration that is transforming the strong Anglo-Celtic orientation of Australian culture. Assimilation, of course, is seldom a quick and easy process, and minority rights, multiculturalism, and race-related issues have played a large part in contemporary Australian politics. In the late s these issues sparked a conservative backlash.
Australia has a federal form of government, with a national government for the Commonwealth of Australia and individual state governments those of New South Wales , Victoria , Queensland , South Australia , Western Australia , and Tasmania. Each state has a constitution, and its government exercises a limited degree of sovereignty.
There are also two internal territories: Northern Territory , established as a self-governing territory in , and the Australian Capital Territory including the city of Canberra , which attained self-governing status in Papua New Guinea, formerly an Australian external territory, gained its independence in Historically part of the British Empire and now a member of the Commonwealth , Australia is a relatively prosperous independent country.
Australians are in many respects fortunate in that they do not share their continent—which is only a little smaller than the United States —with any other country. Extremely remote from their traditional allies and trading partners—it is some 12, miles 19, km from Australia to Great Britain via the Indian Ocean and the Suez Canal and about 7, miles 11, km across the Pacific Ocean to the west coast of the United States—Australians have become more interested in the proximity of huge potential markets in Asia and in the highly competitive industrialized economies of China , Japan , South Korea , and Taiwan.
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External Websites. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. John J. Editor of Phanerozoic Earth History of Australia.
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