List of cities in Germany by population
80 rows · List. The following table lists the 79 cities in Germany with a population of at least , . This is a complete list of the 2, cities and towns in Germany (as of 1 January ). There is no distinction between town and city in Germany; a Stadt is an independent municipality (see Municipalities of Germany) that has been given the right to use that datmelove.com contrast, the generally smaller German municipalities that don't use this title, and are thus not included here, are usually.
Its capital is Dresdenand its largest city is Leipzig. Saxony is the tenth largest of Germany's sixteen states, with an area of 18, square kilometres 7, sq miand the sixth most populouswith more than 4 million inhabitants.
The history of Saxony spans more than a millennium. It has been a medieval duchyan electorate of the Holy Roman Empirea kingdomand twice a republic. The first Free State of Saxony was established in as a constituent state of the Weimar Republic. Following German reunificationthe Free State of Saxony was reconstituted with slightly altered borders in and became one of the five new states of the Federal Republic of Germany. The area of the modern state of Saxony should not be confused with Old Saxony what do you wear to try on wedding dresses, the area inhabited by Saxons.
Saxony has a long history as a duchyan electorate of the Holy Roman Empire the Electorate of Saxonyand finally as a kingdom the Kingdom of Saxony. Inafter Germany's defeat in World War Iits monarchy was overthrown and a republican form of government was established under the current name.
The state was broken up into smaller units during communist rule —but was re-established on 3 October on the reunification of East and West Germany. In prehistoric times, the territory of present-day Saxony was the site of some of the largest of the ancient central European monumental templesdating from the fifth century BC.
Notable archaeological sites have been discovered in Dresden and the villages of Eythra and Zwenkau near Leipzig. The Germanic presence in the territory of today's Saxony is thought to have begun in the first century BC. By the late Roman period, several tribes known as the Saxons emerged, from which the subsequent state s draw their name. The Saxons converted to Christianity during this period.
The territory of the Free State of Saxony, called White Serbia was, since the 6th century, populated by Slavs before being conquered by Germans e. Saxons and Thuringii. It was not part of the old Saxon stem duchy. A legacy of this period is the Sorb population in Saxony. Eastern parts of present Saxony were ruled by Poland between and and by Bohemia since Around this time, the Billungsa Saxon noble family, received extensive fields in Saxony.
The emperor eventually gave them the title of dukes of Saxony. After Duke Magnus died incausing the extinction of the male line of Billungs, oversight of the duchy was given to Lothar of Supplinburgwho also became emperor for a short time. The Margravate of Meissen was founded in as a frontier marchthat soon extended to the Kwisa Queis river to the east and as far as the Ore Mountains. In the process of Ostsiedlungsettlement of German farmers in the sparsely populated area was promoted.
Incontrol of Saxony passed to the Guelph dynasty, descendants of Wulfhild Billung, eldest daughter of the last Billung duke, and the daughter of Lothar of Supplinburg. The remaining eastern lands, together with the title of Duke of Saxony, passed to an Ascanian dynasty descended from Eilika BillungWulfhild's younger sister and were divided in into the two small states of Saxe-Lauenburg and Saxe-Wittenberg.
Both claimed the Saxon electoral privilege for themselves, but the Golden Bull of accepted only Wittenberg's claim, with Lauenburg nevertheless continuing to maintain its claim.
Thus the Saxon territories remained permanently separated. The Electorate of Saxony was then merged with the much bigger Wettinian Margraviate of Meissenhowever using the higher-ranking name Electorate of Saxony and even the Ascanian coat-of-arms for the entire monarchy.
Hence, the territory of the Freestate of Saxony today is for historical and dynastic reasons sharing the name with the old Saxon stem duchy but without a significant ethnic relationship, neither by descent, language nor by culture.
In the 18th and 19th centuries Saxe-Lauenburg what is the largest city in southern germany colloquially called the Duchy of Lauenburgwhich in merged with Prussia as how to write a profile statement for a resume Duchy of Lauenburg district.
Saxony-Wittenberg, in modern Saxony-Anhaltbecame subject to the margravate of Meissenruled by the Wettin dynasty in This established a new and powerful state, occupying large portions of the present Free State of Saxony, Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt and Bavaria Coburg and its environs. Although the centre of this state was far to the southeast of the former Saxony, it came to be referred to as Upper Saxony and then simply Saxonywhile the former Saxon territories in the north were now known as Lower Saxony the modern term Niedersachsen deriving from this.
InSaxony was split in the Treaty of Leipzig. A what is the largest city in southern germany line of the Wettin princes received what later became Thuringia and founded several small states there see Ernestine duchies. Since these princes were allowed to use the Saxon coat of arms, in many towns of Thuringia, the coat of arms can still be found on historical buildings. The remaining Saxon state became still more powerful, also incorporating new territories and was known in the 18th century for its cultural achievements, although it was politically weaker than Prussia and Austriastates which oppressed Saxony from the north and south, respectively.
Between andthe Electors of Saxony were also elected Kings of Poland in personal union. The Prussians quickly defeated Saxony and incorporated the Saxon army into the Prussian army. InFrench Emperor Napoleon abolished the Holy Roman Empire and established the Electorate of Saxony as a kingdom in exchange for military support. Frederick Augustus remained loyal to Napoleon during the wars that swept Europe in the following years; he was taken prisoner and his territories declared forfeit by the allies inafter the defeat of Napoleon.
The remnant of the Kingdom of Saxony was roughly identical with the present state, albeit slightly smaller. Meanwhile, inthe southern part what is the largest city in southern germany Saxony, now called the "State of Saxony" joined the German Confederation. In the politics of the Confederation, Saxony was overshadowed by Prussia. King Anthony of Saxony came to the throne of Saxony what should you do when your heart is broken Shortly thereafter, liberal pressures in Saxony mounted and broke out in revolt during —a year of revolution in Europe.
During the —49 constitutionalist revolutions in GermanySaxony became a hotbed of revolutionaries, with anarchists such as Mikhail Bakunin and democrats including Richard Wagner and Gottfried Semper taking part in the May Uprising in Dresden in A scholar, King John translated Dante.
During that war, Prussian troops overran Saxony without resistance and then invaded Austrian today's Czech Bohemia. The state retained its name and borders during the Nazi era as a Gau Gau Saxonybut lost its quasi-autonomous status and its parliamentary democracy. That summer, the entire state was handed over to Soviet forces as agreed in the London Protocol of September Under the Potsdam Agreementall German territory East of the Oder-Neisse what is the largest city in southern germany was annexed by Poland and the Soviet Union, and, unlike in the aftermath of World War Ithe annexing powers were allowed to expel the inhabitants.
During the following three years, Poland and Czechoslovakia forcibly expelled German-speaking people from their territories, and some of these expellees came to Saxony.
Only a small area of Saxony lying east of the Neisse River and centred around the town of Reichenau now called Bogatyniawas annexed by Poland. Traditional close relations of Saxony with neighouring German-speaking Egerland was thus completely destroyed, making the border of Saxony along the Ore Mountains a linguistic border. He met his Bavarian counterparts in the U. He was succeeded by Max Seydewitza loyal follower of Joseph Stalin. Areas around Hoyerswerda were also part of the Cottbus Bezirk.
The Free State of Saxony was reconstituted with slightly altered borders infollowing German reunification. Besides the formerly Silesian area of Saxony, which was mostly included in the territory of the new Saxony, the free what was the quit india movement gained further areas north of Leipzig that had belonged to Saxony-Anhalt until There are numerous rivers in Saxony.
The Elbe is the most dominant one. The Neisse defines the border between Saxony and Poland. Other rivers include the Mulde and the White Elster. The largest cities and towns in Saxony according to the 30 September estimate are listed below. Leipzig shares, for instance, an S-train system known as S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland  and an airport  with Halle.
Saxony is a parliamentary democracy. A Minister President heads the government of Saxony. Michael Kretschmer has been Minister President since 13 December In the state election the AfD received its highest share of the vote in any state or federal election, while the CDU and The Left both fell to record lows in Saxony. Bautzen BZ 2. Erzgebirgskreis ERZ 3. Leipzig L 5. Meissen MEI Meissen 6. Mittelsachsen FG 7. Nordsachsen TDO 8. Vogtlandkreis V Zwickau Z. Between andSaxony was divided into the three regions Regierungsbezirke of How to remove tree stumps with a backhoeDresdenand Leipzig.
After a reform inthese regions - with some alterations of their respective areas - were called Direktionsbezirke. Inthe authorities of these regions were merged into one central authority, the Landesdirektion Sachsen [ de ]. Saxony is a densely populated state if compared with more rural German states such as Bavaria or Lower Saxony. However, the population has declined over time. The population of Saxony began declining in the s due to emigration, a process which accelerated after the fall of the Berlin Wall in After bottoming out inthe population has stabilized what is the largest city in southern germany to increased immigration and higher fertility rates.
The cities of Leipzig, Dresden and Chemnitz, and the towns of Radebeul and Markkleeberg in their vicinity, have seen their populations increase since The following tables illustrate the foreign resident populations and the population of Saxony since The average number of children per woman in Saxony was 1.
Dresden's fertility rate of 1. Saxony is home to the Sorbs. There are currently between 45, and 60, Sorbs living in Saxony Upper Lusatia region. Many geographic names in Saxony are of Sorbic origin including the three largest cities ChemnitzDresden and Leipzig. The Sorbic language and culture are protected by special laws and cities and villages in eastern What is the habitat of the blue poison dart frog that are inhabited by a significant number of Sorbian inhabitants have bilingual street signs and administrative offices provide service in both, German and Sorbian.
The Sorbs enjoy cultural self-administration which is exercised through the Domowina. Former Minister President Stanislaw Tillich is of Sorbian ancestry and has how to make microwave potato bag the first leader of a German state from a national minority. As ofthe Evangelical Church in Germany represented the largest faith in the state, adhered to by Members of the Roman Catholic Church formed a minority of 3.
The contemporary city
Nurnberg, city, Bavaria state, southern Germany. Bavaria’s second largest city (after Munich), Nurnberg is located on the Pegnitz River where it emerges from the uplands of Franconia. The city was first mentioned in in official records as Noremberg, but it had its origin in a . Its capital is Dresden, and its largest city is Leipzig. Saxony is the tenth largest of Germany's sixteen states, with an area of 18, square kilometres (7, sq mi), and the sixth most populous, with more than 4 million inhabitants.
This list refers only to the population of individual municipalities within their defined limits , which does not include other municipalities or suburban areas within urban agglomerations. The following table lists the 79 cities in Germany with a population of at least , on December 31, , as estimated by the Federal Statistical Office of Germany. The table below contains the following information:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article.
Archived from the original on October 1, Retrieved February 15, Wiesbaden : Federal Statistical Office of Germany. December 13, Wiesbaden: Federal Statistical Office of Germany. April 10, Cities in Germany by population. Berlin Cologne Hamburg Munich.
Complete list Municipalities Metropolitan regions Cities with more than , inhabitants. Lists of cities by population States of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Berlin Bremen Hamburg. Categories : Lists of cities in Germany Lists of cities by population. Hidden categories: CS1 German-language sources de Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. North Rhine-Westphalia. Frankfurt am Main. Hanover Hannover. Lower Saxony. Halle Saale. Freiburg im Breisgau.
Ludwigshafen am Rhein. Offenbach am Main. Bergisch Gladbach.